房卡牛牛

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                  专家解读2013年6月大学英语四级阅读真题

                  2012-06-21 来源:读书人 
                  读书人网精心为大家整理了专家解读2013年6月大学英语四级阅读真题,今后带来更多更全更新的教育考试类相关资料,希望对大家的考试能带来帮助!

                  房卡牛牛  ZHEICISIJIZIXIYUEDUKAOSHICHUTISHANGYIJIUZUNXUNZHIQIANDEJIBENYUANZE:YIZHAOYUANWENZIRANSHUNXUCHUTI、DUOYIKAOCHAXIJIEXINXIDELIJIEWEIZHU、XIHUANKAOCHAZHUANZHEDENGZHONGYAOLUOJIXIANXIANGCHUDEXINXI、ZHENGQUEXUANXIANGJIBENDOUSHIYUANWENYOUMINGXIANLAIYUANDEGAIXIEHUOSHITIHUANHOUDESHUOFA、CUOWUXUANXIANGMIHUOXINGBUQIANG。WENZHANGXUANZI《LUOSHANJISHIBAO》DENGOUMEIZHULIUWANGZHAN,HUATIYUWOMENRICHANGSHENGHUOHAISHIBIJIAOJIEJIN、BUNANKANDONG。WENZINANDUYUJINLIANGNIANSIJIJIBENXIANGJIN,DANKEYIKANCHUDUIKAOSHENGDEDANCIZHANGWOHEYUEDUZHANGJUDENENGLIYAOQIUJIAOGAO。BUGUORUOSHIZHIQIANXITONGZHUNBEIJINXIENIANSIJIYUEDUDETONGXUE,DUIZHEICISIJIYUEDUKAOSHIDEWENZHANGYINGBUHUIGANJUETEBIECHILI。

                    下面我们对这次四级考试的几篇典型的仔细阅读进行简单的解析,供大家参考和体会。

                    Passage One

                  房卡牛牛  Junk food is everywhere. We're eating way too much of it. Most of us know what we're doing and yet we do it anyway.

                  房卡牛牛  So here's a suggestion offered by two researchers at the Rand Corporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol control policies and apply them to where food is sold and how it's displayed?

                    "Many policy measures to control obesity (FEIPANGZHENG)assume that people consciously and rationally choose what and how much they eat and therefore focus on providing information and more access to healthier foods," note the two researchers.

                    "In contrast," the researchers continue, "many regulations that don't assume people make rational choices have been successfully applied to control alcohol, a substance -- like food -- of which immoderate consumption leads to serious health problems."

                    The research references studies of people's behavior with food and alcohol and results of alcohol restrictions, and then lists five regulations that the researchers think might be promising if applied to junk foods. Among them:

                  房卡牛牛  Density restrictions: licenses to sell alcohol aren't handed out unplanned to all comers but are allotted (FENPEI)based on the number of places in an area that already sell alcohol. These make alcohol less easy to get and reduce the number of psychological cues to drink.

                  房卡牛牛  Similarly, the researchers say, being presented with junk food stimulates our desire to eat it. So why not limit the density of food outlets, particularly ones that sell food rich in empty calories? And why not limit sale of food in places that aren't primarily food stores?

                    Display and sales restrictions: California has a rule prohibiting alcohol displays near the cash registers in gas stations, and in most places you can't buy alcohol at drive-through facilities. At supermarkets, food companies pay to have their wares in places where they're easily seen. One could remove junk food to the back of the store and ban them from the shelves at checkout lines. The other measures include restricting portion sizes, taxing and prohibiting special price deals for junk foods, and placing warning labels on the products.

                  房卡牛牛  57. What does the author say about junk food?

                    A) People should be educated not to eat too much.

                    B) It is widely consumed despite its ill reputation.

                  房卡牛牛  C) Its temptation is too strong for people to resist.

                    D) It causes more harm than is generally realized.

                    DAAN:B

                    【JIEXI】PIZHEXIJIETIPIDETUILITI:GUANYULAJISHIPINZUOZHESHUOLESHA?GUANJIANCIJunk foodDINGWEIDAODIYIDUAN:Junk food is everywhere. We're eating way too much of it. Most of us know what we're doing and yet we do it anyway。LAJISHIPINMANTIANFEI,CHILAICHIQUTAIZHANGFEI。SUIZHIQIHAIRENGBUSHE,YAOFEIDAJIAYIQIFEI。BDEYISISHILAJISHIPINMINGSHENGSUIEHAISHIBEIGUANGFANXIAOFEI,QIHEYUANWEN。LINGYITIAOSILUJIUSHI,yetHEanywayTIXIANDELUOJIXIANGFANGUANXIZHIYOUBNENGHANGAILE。

                  房卡牛牛  58. What do the Rand researchers think of many of the policy measures to control obesity?

                    A) They should be implemented effectively.

                    B) They provide misleading information.

                    C) They are based on wrong assumptions.

                  房卡牛牛  D) They help people make rational choices.

                    DAAN:C

                  房卡牛牛  【JIEXI】TUILITI:GUANYUFEIPANGKONGZHIDEHENDUOZHENGCE,RandYANJIUZHEZENMEKAN?ZHEIPIANWENZHANGZUINANDEYITI。YOUHUAXIANGUANJIANCIDINGWEIZHIDISAN、SIDUAN(DOUYOURrDEFAYAN,BIAOGUANDIAN)。

                  房卡牛牛  So here's a suggestion offered by two researchers at the Rand Corporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol control policies and apply them to where food is sold and how it's displayed?" Many policy measures to control obesity (FEIPANGZHENG)assume that people consciously and rationally choose what and how much they eat and therefore focus on providing information and more access to healthier foods HENDUOKONGZHIFEIPANGZHENGDEZHENGCEDOUSHIJIASHERENMENNENGGOUYOUYISHIQIELIXINGDIXUANZECHISHENME、ZENMECHI……【ZHEIJUHUABENSHENWUYONG】" note the two researchers.

                    "In contrastXIANGFAN【LUOJIXIANSUOCHUXIAN】," the researchers continue, "many regulations that don't assume people make rational choices have been successfully applied to control alcohol NEIXIEMEIYOUJIASHERENMENHUIZUOCHULIZHIXUANZEDEFAGUIQUECHENGGONGKONGJIU, a substance -- like food -- of which immoderate consumption leads to serious health problems."

                    YIGE"XIANGFAN"HOUDECHENGGONGSHUOMING,HENDUOKONGZHIFEIPANGZHENGDEZHENGCESHIBAI,TAMENSHIYAOZUOCHUSHIFUMIANPINGJIA。CDEYISIZHENGQIAOSHI,KONGFEIZHENGCESHIJIYUCUOWUJIASHE。

                  房卡牛牛  59. Why do policymakers of alcohol control place density restrictions?

                  房卡牛牛  A) Few people are able to resist alcohol's temptations.

                    B) There are already too many stores selling alcohol.

                    C) Drinking strong alcohol can cause social problems.

                    D) Easy access leads to customers' over-consumption.

                    DAAN:D

                    【JIEXI】XIJIETI:WEIHEKONGJIUZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEMENYAOSHIXINGNONGDUXIANZHI?DINGWEIDAODIWUDUAN:

                    Density restrictions: licenses to sell alcohol aren't handed out unplanned to all comers but are allotted (FENPEI)based on the number of places in an area that already sell alcohol. These make alcohol less easy to get and reduce the number of psychological cues to drink. NONGDUXIANGOUKESHIXIAOFEIZHEMAIJIUBUYI,BINGJIANSHAOHEJIUDEXINLIANSHI。

                  房卡牛牛  HUANGEJIAODU,ZHISUOYIZHEIMEZUO,JIUSHIYINWEIZHIQIAN"RONGYIMAIDAOJIUDETUJINGDAOZHILEDUIJIUDEGUODUXIAOFEI"。

                    60. What is the purpose of California's rule about alcohol display in gas stations?

                  房卡牛牛  A) To effectively limit the density of alcohol outlets.

                    B) To help drivers to give up the habit of drinking.

                  房卡牛牛  C) To prevent possible traffic jams in nearby areas.

                    D) To get alcohol out of drivers' immediate sight.

                    DAAN:D

                    【JIEXI】TUILITI:JIAZHOUZAIQIYOUZHANGUANKONGJIUDEZHANSHISHICHUYUHEMUDE?DINGWEIDAOZUIHOUYIDUAN。SANJUYUANZEZUOTI:

                  房卡牛牛  Display and sales restrictions: California has a rule prohibiting alcohol displays near the cash registers in gas stations, and in most places you can't buy alcohol at drive-through facilities.YUSHIDABUFENDIQUNIZAIJIACHETONGGUODESHESHILIMAIBUDAOJIULA At supermarkets, food companies pay to have their wares in places where they're easily seen. One could remove junk food to the back of the store and ban them from the shelves at checkout lines. The other measures include restricting portion sizes, taxing and prohibiting special price deals for junk foods, and placing warning labels on the products.

                  房卡牛牛  SUOYI,ZHENGQUEDAANWEI"BAJIUFANGZAISIJIMENDESHIXIANZHIWAI"。

                    61. What is the general guideline the Rand researchers suggest about junk food control?

                    A) Guiding people to make rational choices about food.

                  房卡牛牛  B) Enhancing people's awareness of their own health.

                  房卡牛牛  C) Borrowing ideas from alcohol control measures.

                  房卡牛牛  D. Resorting to economic, legal and psychological means

                    DAAN:C.

                    【JIEXI】CONGTIGANKEFAXIAN,SHIDAOBIANXINGDEZHUZHITI:RandYANJIUZHEMENDUIYULAJISHIPINGUANKONGDEZONGTIZHUNZESHISHENME?

                    BUGUANSHIZHAOZHUZHIJU,HAISHIDANGXIJIETIZUO,DOUHUIFAXIANGUANJIANCIRand researchersSHOUCICHUXIANZAIDIERDUANDIYIJU: So here's a suggestion offered by two researchers at the Rand Corporation: Why not take a lesson from alcohol control policies and apply them to where food is sold and how it's displayed? RandGONGSIDEYANJIURENYUANJIANYI:WEISHABUJIEJIANKONGJIUZHENGCEBINGYUNYONGDAOSHIPINZHANSHIHESHOUMAIQU?--ZHEIJIUSHIQUANWENZHUZHI。

                    SUOYI,ZHENGQUEDAANWEI"CONGKONGJIUCUOSHIJIEJIANXIANGFA"。

                  BIANJITUIJIAN:

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