房卡牛牛

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                    黄土坡上李家山:在“活死人墓”中生存的人(1)

                    2012-05-15 来源:读书人 
                    黄土高坡上的李家山村,是明清时期晋商的第二故乡,画坛巨匠吴冠中形容这里有“汉墓般苍凉的明清古建筑群”实际上,李家山窑洞村也是我国“最后的穴居人”的聚集地,那些最原始的生活状态至今仍在此得以完整留存……

                      HUANGTUGAOPOSHANGDELIJIASHANCUN,SHIMINGQINGSHIQIJINSHANGDEDIERGUXIANG,HUATANJUJIANGWUGUANZHONGXINGRONGZHEILIYOU“HANMUBANCANGLIANGDEMINGQINGGUJIANZHUQUN”;SHIJISHANG,LIJIASHANYAODONGCUNYESHIWOGUO“ZUIHOUDEXUEJUREN”DEJUJIDI,NEIXIEZUIYUANSHIDESHENGHUOZHUANGTAIZHIJINRENGZAICIDEYIWANZHENGLIUCUN……

                      LIJIASHANCUNWEIYUSHANXISHENGLINXIANNANBUDEHUANGHEANBIAN,JULIQIKOUGUZHENJIN5GONGLI。ZHEIZUOYOUZHE550NIANLISHIDEYAODONGCUNCHULIZAIHUANGTUGAOPOSHANG,GUSEGUXIANGYUNWEISHIZU,TESHUDETUYAODONGSHIGUJIANZHU,ZAOJIULEDANGDICUNMINBIEJUTESEDE“XUEJU”SHISHENGHUO,LINGRENDAKAIYANJIE。

                      CHUCIZHIWAI,ZHEILIHAICENGSHILISHIJINSHANGWEIBAOZHANGCAICHANANQUANERANZHIJIAJUANDEDIERGUXIANG,MINGQINGSHIYAOJIANZHUQUNXINGSIFENGHUANG,ZAIXIANCHUJINSHANGMENXIRIDEFUSHUYUHUIHUANG。


                      “汉墓”村落雕刻晋商岁月


                      宁静俊秀的李家山得以声名鹊起,仰仗于画家吴冠中。李家山是画坛巨匠吴冠中一生中的三大发现之一,他的杰作令名不见经传的李家山走进了大众的视野。1989年10月,吴冠中背起画板登上黄土高坡采风,途经李家村时,立刻被眼前的壮观景象震慑住了:从外部看,这成片的建筑造型好像是神秘的汉墓群,进入其间,竟然是多人聚居的古老窑洞,如同金庸小说中的“活死人墓”。虽与世隔绝,但他们的生活却井然有序。“这样的房子,这样的景色,全世界难找!”

                      

                    与世隔绝的村子  后来,吴冠中将千沟万壑黄土中的李家山绘入了经典之作《群虎图》,如今这幅画的拍卖价高达500万。


                      LIJIASHANYUANMINGJIAOCHENJIAWAN,YINWEILISHIJINSHANGQIANRUBINGZHUJIANXINGSHENGERGAIWEICIMING。JU《LISHIZONGPUBU》JIZAI,ZAIMINGCHAONIANJIAN,YIWEIMINGJIAOLIRUIDERENXIEJIAJUANCONGLINXIANSHANGXIPOCUNQIANWANGCIDI,ERHOUSHANDONG、HENANDETAOHUANGRENSHIYEXIANGJILAICIDINGJU,LISHIJIAZUDAOQINGZHONGYECHENGWEIDAHU。RUJIN,ZHEILIYIZHANG、QI、HE、LIXINGRENJIAJUDUO。

                      LIJIACUNHAIYOUZHEIYANGYIDUANWANGSHI:YOUYUSHANCUNPODOU、GENGDISHAO,NONGYENANHUOFAZHAN。BUGUO,DANGSHIDEQIKOUGUZHENSHIHUANGJINMATOU,SHANGFUYICHANGFANRONG,LISHIXIANBEIJIULIYONGZHEIYITIAOJIAN,ZHUANMENYANGLUOTUOPAOHANLUYUNSHU,ZUIZHONGFALEDACAI。JULISHIZILIAOZUOZHENG,DANGSHIDELIJIASHANYOUDONGXILIANGDACAIZHU,DONGCAIZHULIDENGXIANG,RENCHENG“XIANGCAIZHU”,ZAIQIKOUKAIDE“DEHEDIAN”、“WANSHENGYONG”;XICAIZHULIDEFENG,KAIDE“SANHEHOU”DIAN,ZAISHANXIMINGZAOYISHI。

                      

                    古朴的村落  遵照晋商行规,外出经商时家眷只能留在原籍。为了安置家属,财主们请来风水先生,准备在李家山村的坡地上大兴土木。李家山村形似凤凰,左右两侧为凤翼,风水上称为“凤凰展翅”,再加上四面环山的地势,风水先生看后啧啧称赞。于是,东财主的家在凤身上修建,西财主的的家则在凤右翼上修建,而凤的左翼,保留着旧村。


                      XIANJIN,DONGXILIANGJIACAIZHUDEJIANZHUCHENGWEILEZHENGGECUNZHUANGDEJINGHUABUFEN。DONGCAIZHUYUANDELIANGCENGYAOYUANSHIJIANZAOYU1866NIAN,QIDAMENSHILIJIASHANCUNJIANZAOSHUIPINGZUIGAO、ZHUANGSHIZUIHAOHUADE。ERXICAIZHUDEYAOYUANBIDONGCAIZHUDEGUIMOGENGDA,QIZHONGDEXINYAOYUANYOUCHENGWEIZISHOULOU,JUSHUOSHIXICAIZHUCHUZIBANGZHUZHIZIXIUJIANDE,YUANNEIDIJIAOCAIYONGJIETIZHUANGXIAWA,BUTONGYUYIBANYAOYUANCHUIZHIZHUANGXIAWA,GAOCHAODEJIANZHUZHILIANGRANGGELUJIANZHUZHUANJIACHENGZANBUYI。

                      MUQIAN,LIJIASHANCUNDE400DUOKONGYAODONGLIJUZHUZHE760DUOKOUREN。CUNLIDEQINGDAIJIANZHUQUNSUIYOUXIEPOPOLANLAN,DANBAOCUNJIBENWANHAO,ZHENGGEJIANZHUYIHUANGTUSHANPOERJIAN,PILINHUANGHE,QUANBUYISHUIMOZHUANDUIFENGQIZHU,MUKE、ZHUANDIAO、SHIDIAOYIJIJINGMEIBIANEGUPODIANYA,XUXURUSHENG,YOUZHEHENGAODEYISHUJIAZHI。



                    (作者:读书人网友 编辑:kind887)
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